The electric car finally seems to be on the verge of a breakthrough, offering significant environmental benefits, especially in urban areas. Innovative business models are emerging that should boost consumer acceptance and overcome remaining obstacles, such as high battery costs, green electricity supply and charging infrastructure.
Several European countries, as well as the US, Japan, China and others, have recently announced plans for the introduction of electric vehicles. These plans include tax incentives, funding for research into batteries and electric vehicles and plans for the construction of charging infrastructure. Major cities such as London and Paris have announced electric car-sharing schemes, while government departments and companies with large fleets are purchasing electric vehicles.
Are electric cars better for the environment?
Research has shown that electric cars are better for the environment. They emit fewer greenhouse gases and air pollutants than petrol or diesel cars. And this takes into account their production and the electricity needed to keep them running.
If you are thinking of buying or leasing an electric car, check out some online leasing offers for the best cars and prices. You can choose a Tesla, but also an electric car from another well-known brand. Think for example of the Peugeot 208 private lease.
The great advantage of electric cars is the contribution they can make to improving air quality in towns and cities. Since they have no exhaust, pure electric cars do not produce any CO2 emissions when driven. This significantly reduces air pollution.
Electric cars have been inaccessible for a long time due to the high cost of acquisition. However, it is clear that the price is getting lower and that they are being purchased more and more often. If you then also opt for private leasing, the purchase price is no longer a problem at all.
How does electric car production affect the environment?
However, a lot of energy is used in making electric cars. Even if you include the manufacture of batteries, electric cars are still a greener option. This is because of the reduction in emissions that occurs during the life of the car.
Emissions from the production of an electric car are usually higher than those from an ordinary car. This is due to the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries, which are an essential part of an electric car. More than a third of the lifetime CO2 emissions of an electric car come from the energy used to make the car itself. As technology advances, this is changing for the better.
Reuse and recycling of batteries is also a growing market
Research into the use of used batteries is looking for ways to reuse batteries in new technologies such as electricity storage. One day, we could all have batteries in our homes used to store our own energy. Opportunities like this will reduce the lifetime environmental impact of battery manufacturing.
Integrated concepts for transport and energy
To be a success, the electric car must be marketed as part of a total transport and energy concept and not as a stand-alone technology. For millions of vehicles to be connected to power grids without harming the environment, there needs to be an integrated approach to electricity supply and demand to ensure the use of green electricity sources. All in all, things are moving in the right direction!
Peugeot 108 maintenance, what will be carried out and what do you need to consider? The Peugeot 108 is the smallest vehicle from the French car manufacturer and has been on the market since 2014. As befits a small car, the 108 not only has an attractive purchase price, but it is also extremely economical to maintain. On this page you will find more information about the test, which service work is required according to the test plan and an estimate of the costs.
Remember to keep the service booklet up to date, so that your Peugeot 108 is not only well looked after and technically in good condition, but it is also important to have the booklet in good order in the event of a guarantee claim or sale.
Important points Peugeot 108 maintenance
Important points during the inspection of the Peugeot 108:
What are the maintenance intervals?
What is the scope of the work?
What are the costs for a Peugeot 108 inspection?
What opportunities are there to save money on maintenance?
Of course, all the information in this guide is an estimate. You can also find various details about the Peugeot 108 service in your service booklet and in the user manual!
Intervals maintenance Peugeot 108
The inspection intervals for the Peugeot 108 depend on the engine. With the 1.0-litre engine, it is recommended that it be serviced every 15,000 kilometres or every 12 months. For the 1.2 litre petrol engine, on the other hand, the inspection schedule recommends 25,000 kilometres or 12 months. The service due date is also indicated by the car's service display, so you always know when your car is due for service.
Make sure that every service (or repair) is recorded in the service booklet. With the service book, you always have a service record of your car to hand, which is very useful for any warranty services, but also when you sell your Peugeot.
The following work is usually carried out during a service on the Peugeot 108:
Change oil, oil filter and oil drain plug
Checking engine emissions
Checking the engine and gearbox for leaks
Checking the height of the clutch pedal and adjusting if necessary
Visual inspection of chassis (tyres, springs, shock absorbers and suspension)
Visual inspection of the bodywork, paintwork, floor plate and exhaust system
Functional testing of all lamps and headlamps
Check locks and hinges and lubricate where necessary
Checking the brake fluid
Brake system check and function test
Check coolant and windscreen washer fluid, top up if necessary
Check battery and voltage, replace battery if necessary
Read out fault memory, correct any faults and delete them
Additional service work, but not compulsory annually
Replaceollen filter every 2 years
Change brake fluid every 2 years
Perform an electronics check every 3 years
Replace spark plugs every 3 years or after 60,000 / 90,000 km
Carry out an intensive chassis check including shock absorber test every 3 years
Change air filter every 4 years, earlier if necessary
Change coolant every 4 years
Check condition of V-belts, tensioner and tensioner pulley every 4 years, replace if necessary
In the case of the 1.0 petrol engine: visual check of the timing chain after 120,000 km at the latest (additional cost!)
For the 1.2 petrol engine: replace the timing belt including tensioner and water pump after 165,000 km at the latest (every 10 years at the latest - extra cost!)
Maintenance expenditure on Peugeot 108
If no extraordinary work is required, the Peugeot 108 inspection is generally cheap. The average costs for maintenance according to the inspection plan, including an engine oil change, are around €220-270. However, if after a higher mileage, various wear parts (e.g. brake discs and pads or spark plugs) need to be replaced, the service costs rise considerably. You can save on maintenance by, for example, buying your own engine oil and taking it to the workshop. Consult with the workshop beforehand, because not all garages are waiting for this. You can also request quotes for maintenance from various garages in advance. The hourly rates can sometimes differ considerably and it can therefore be worthwhile to look beyond the first garage.
How to minimise maintenance costs on Peugeot 108
Apart from engine oil, you can also get many other spare parts in best brand quality at very reasonable prices in various online shops. Parts such as air, interior or oil filters, windscreen wipers, spark plugs, car batteries, brake system parts, shock absorbers, chassis springs and the like can easily be ordered online. All these parts can then be fitted to your Peugeot 108 during the inspection at a specialised workshop. You will save a lot of money compared to buying parts at the workshop. If you decide to buy this yourself, it is advisable to indicate this to the garage in advance so that they know about it. The garage may not be keen on this! It is also important that you order the official parts so that you can be sure that everything fits your Peugeot properly.
On this page you will find information about the Peugeot 207 engine oil. We show you how to measure the oil level of the Peugeot 207 and how to pour suitable engine oil into the oil filler hole when the oil lamp lights up. In addition, we examine some types of oil that are suitable for the engines of the Peugeot 207.
Which Peugeot 207 engine oil?
Looking for a suitable engine oil for the Peugeot 207? At the bottom of this page you will find an overview of all models and the corresponding oil. Always make sure that the oil you choose is suitable for your vehicle, given the year of manufacture of your Peugeot 207. In many cases, 5W-30 or 0W-30 is suitable, but to be sure, you can best look it up in your service booklet or via the table at the bottom of this page.
Measuring the oil level in Peugeot 207 (oil light on)
If the oil warning light (note: not the low oil pressure warning light) comes on in your Peugeot 207, drive straight to the nearest petrol station, garage or DIY store (albeit at low speed and revs). And buy a new and suitable engine oil.
Make sure your car is not on a slope or hill.
Then switch off the engine with the ignition key or the start button.
Wait about 5 minutes before checking the oil level. This allows the engine oil to flow out of the engine and back into the oil sump.
Now you can open the bonnet of the Peugeot 207.
In the middle of the engine compartment you should see a pull-out dipstick.
Pull the dipstick out of its holder.
Clean it with a handkerchief.
Then replace the cleaned oil dipstick in the holder.
Now pull it out of the hole again.
The oil film must be in the centre of the "Min" and "Max" marks.
Should this not be the case, it is always necessary to top up with engine oil suitable for the Peugeot 207.
Instructions for topping up engine oil on the Peugeot 207
Buy the right oil for a Peugeot 207 of your type.
Open the bonnet and check the oil level (see instructions above).
Then carefully pour a small amount into the Peugeot 207 oil nozzle.
Now wait a little before measuring the oil level again.
Do not continue driving until the engine oil level returns to normal (indicated by the marks).
At your next Peugeot 207 inspection or an upcoming oil change, also test the oil level to make sure it is correct.
A good value-for-money small car, which makes and models qualify? New cars in this class are available from around €9,000. Used, these small cars hold their value well. Which limits depreciation. This makes it difficult to choose between a new and a second-hand one.
What points you should take into account when buying a small car you will read in this article. We have also highlighted some models that are frequently sold in this segment.
Besides the size of the car, in most cases the price plays a major role - after all, buying a used or new car is one of the bigger investments in daily life.
What distinguishes a small car?
When buying a new or used car, you have the choice of many different vehicle classes - including micro and small cars, middle and upper class or SUVs. Which car falls into which category is not always so easy to determine, however, as there is no fixed definition for this. As a rule, it is assumed that the models within a vehicle class are similar in size and shape and compete on price.
When choosing a model, it is advisable to think in advance about your requirements for a car: how many people should it accommodate, do you mainly drive in town or also regularly on the motorway? And do you want to be able to put a bicycle in the boot? These are all questions you should have answers to before buying a car. Although cheap small cars are generally not pack mules, it is good to check whether the back seat can be folded down. That way, you won't be in for any unexpected surprises later at Ikea.
A small sized car is convenient in the city
Small cars are well suited to city traffic because of their size. They are particularly manoeuvrable and also fit into small parking spaces - a real advantage in big cities, where parking space is limited. The average dimensions of a small car are about 3.50 metres long and 1.50 metres wide. By comparison, high-range cars had an average size of around 5 metres in length and 2 metres in width - quite a difference.
In addition, small cars are also relatively cheap compared to the higher segment. As a rule, very cheap small cars are available from around EUR 10,000, but normally you have to reckon with costs of around EUR 11,000 for new vehicles with basic equipment.
However, it should be noted that good and cheap small cars usually offer less comfort, extras and safety and driver assistance systems than higher-end models. For years, it was also true that small cars are much more economical than larger ones. However, this is no longer generally true. The new generation VW Golf is almost as economical as its much smaller brother the VW Up.
What do Cheap Small Cars cost?
In the Netherlands, the price of cars is mainly determined by taxes such as BPM and VAT. As a result, there are virtually no cars left that cost less than 10,000 euros new. Dutch prices are 20% higher on average compared to Germany. Below, we have named the most popular models. Which we have also driven ourselves and can therefore make a value judgment about. Besides these the models below are the Kia Picanto, Nissan Micra and Hyundai i10.
The VW Up, Seat Mii and Skoda Citigo
You probably have a preference when it comes to brand. Fortunately, most brands have offerings in the smallest segment. The VW Up, Seat Mii and Skoda Citigo are virtually the same car and share almost all of its parts. These three half-sisters all started at around €9,000 when they were introduced. In the meantime, taxes and inflation have added over 15%.
The Citroën C1, Peugeot 107 and Toyota Aygo
Like the VAG models above, the Citroën C1, Peugeot 107 and the Toyota Aygo all have virtually the same parts. This was notable at the time because Toyota has no direct link to the PSA group to which Peugeot and Citroën belong.
This Japanese/French tandem was offered at its introduction for just over 8,000 euros. The Toyota was the most expensive. Meanwhile, the brands have gone their separate ways and PSA and Toyota no longer share a cheap small car. The new models are all priced above 10,000 Euros.
The driving experiences
What can you expect from these small cars when it comes to driving? Most people buying a car in this segment are price-conscious and want a (small) car that matches this philosophy. Still, it is nice if a car comes with some comfort.
The Citroën C1, Peugeot 107 and the Toyota Aygo
The handling of these types is good, it steers directly and won't surprise you easily. However, this car comes with quite narrow tyres as standard, so grip in fast corners is not infinite. But of course that's not what this little car is meant for at all. On the motorway these days, with a maximum speed of 100 km/h, this car is quite manageable. If you do decide to go 130 km/h after 7pm, it does get a bit uncomfortable in the car because of the engine noise and wind noise. The successors to these cars, for example the Peugeot 108 is a lot more mature on the motorway, the insulation is improved and this car has a lot more comfortable options on board. But whether it is more reliable than its predecessor remains to be seen in coming years.
Driving experience VW Up, Seat Mii and Skoda Citigo
You should be able to compare this VAG model, although it is more expensive than the Peugeot 107. Yet the feeling of this little VW model is very different, the interior, the finish and even the interior space seem better matched. This doesn't mean this car is better, it just depends on how you interpret better. In terms of durability, the VW Up and consorts are more sensitive to faults. This is of course because there are more options and electronics in this car. And although the performance is comparable, I do find a Peugeot 107 to be more responsive to the throttle and also a bit sharper on the steering wheel. On the other hand, this VW Up is more comfortable and quieter on the motorway.
Conclusion VW Up (Mii/Citigo) vs Peugeot 107 (C1/Aygo)
Between the above models, the VW Up and Peugeot 107, it is difficult to choose. If you want a bit more car for your money and still want to secretly holiday in the south of France, the VW is probably the better choice. This one is just a bit more balanced on long distances and also quieter, the insulation and finish are on a higher level. On the other hand, if you are looking for a car that will always do the job and if you don't attach much value to luxury, then a Peugeot 107 is probably the better choice. This French Japanese is well built and has little complicated technology, so repair costs will never be extremely high.
For many years, the French manufacturer has been Peugeot a leading brand. The brand had been successful for a long time. When the 208 In 2012, the Peugeot 208 was launched to become Peugeot's most popular car and surpass previous successes. The Peugeot 208 is the sequel to the Peugeot 208. 207. For this, the model 206 and 205 already on the market. The Peugeot 205 is also called the saviour of this car brand. Since 1982, 142,349 of them have been sold in the Netherlands. The Peugeot 206 has had some 153,218 new sales in the Netherlands. All these types were incredibly popular!
The Peugeot 208 is still popular with an average of 438 sales per month in the Netherlands. Worldwide, this model is often at the top of the lists of most sold used cars. This model is especially recommended for its technical performance, driving style, looks and price. Since 2019, an electric version of the 208 has also been on sale. Unfortunately, it is not all roses and moonlight. Problems with the Peugeot 208 unfortunately also occur.
Common problems Peugeot 208
The Peugeot 208 is one of the most sought-after used cars on Marktplaats. What problems with the 208 variant should be taken into account? The most important issues are listed here for you:
Check the brakes carefully! These are known to wear out quickly on the 208.
Be careful with the 1.6 petrol engines. With these types, the ignition coils often refuse. It is important to have this checked. This can cause serious damage to the catalytic converter.
With manual transmissions, pay particular attention to the sound of the transmission. If it makes too much noise, this is definitely not a good sign! This could indicate serious problems with the engine. Loud bangs in the suspension are not part of the noise and are risky, pay attention to this as well.
Check the operation of the hand brake cable, this can sometimes be faulty. This can lead to dangerous situations, so check it extra carefully!
The wipers are of poor quality and often in a bad state.
GTI version? Pay attention to the engine oil temperature. A common problem is that it rises too quickly because the sensor does not work properly.
Want to buy a 2Tronic automatic transmission? Then pay extra attention! This model is known for its many mikes. Because this is not really an automatic but rather a computer-controlled one, it often causes problems. Consider carefully whether this type is worth buying. Of course, everyone must decide this for themselves. The model has many advantages and disadvantages.
Buying advice Peugeot 208
The Peugeot 208 is definitely not a car where anything is wrong with it! This car is known to be very reliable and is therefore often a good buy. By taking into account the most common defects, a bad purchase can often be avoided. Buying advice Peugeot 208; take your time to check the car. Check if there are any defects or flaws to be found. This can help you negotiate the price. This car is certainly an interesting buy. It is important to take into account the most common problems mentioned above. Of course, invoices of maintenance are good to have.